360° Coverage : Iron-based anti-anaemia scheme may not work: Researchers

11 Updates
Iron-based anti-anaemia scheme may not work: Researchers
Photo Credit: SAJJAD HUSSAIN, Getty Images

Iron-based anti-anaemia scheme may not work: Researchers

Feb 6 2013, 6:52am CST | by

Bangalore, Feb 6 (IANS) The health ministry's proposal to tackle anaemia by providing iron folic acid (IFA) tablets every week to 130 million adolescent girls across the country "is old wine in new bottles, unlikely change things," an expert has warned.

Bangalore, Feb 6 — The health ministry's proposal to tackle anaemia by providing iron folic acid (IFA) tablets every week to 130 million adolescent girls across the country "is old wine in new...

Filed under: news

YouTube Videos

 
 
 

1 year ago

Iron-based anti-anaemia scheme may not work: Researchers

Feb 6 2013, 6:52am CST | by

Bangalore, Feb 6 (IANS) The health ministry's proposal to tackle anaemia by providing iron folic acid (IFA) tablets every week to 130 million adolescent girls across the country "is old wine in new bottles, unlikely change things," an expert has warned.

Bangalore, Feb 6 — The health ministry's proposal to tackle anaemia by providing iron folic acid (IFA) tablets every week to 130 million adolescent girls across the country "is old wine in new bottles, unlikely change things," an expert has warned.

"It is a repeat of the approach that failed miserably even after 40 years of implementation," A.K. Susheela, director of Fluorosis Research and Rural Development Foundation in New Delhi and former anatomy professor at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, told IANS.

IFA supplementation to pregnant women visiting antenatal clinics was introduced in 1970 throughout the country, since anaemia in pregnancy leads to birth of underweight babies.

But a survey by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) in 1986 found no change in the prevalence of anaemia and so, from 1992, the dosage of iron was increased from 60 mg to 100 mg, Susheela said.

That too made no difference, the foundation said in a statement.

The current prevalence rate of anaemia is 80 percent in children and 70 percent in pregnant women.

Susheela pointed out that Gujarat introduced iron supplementation for adolescent girls a decade ago, but the programme miserably failed.

"The Municipal Corporation of Delhi introduced the same, no one knows the outcome," she said.

Susheela said she is surprised at the attempt to re-introduce this failed programme even though the ICMR is aware that taking IFA tablets does not help combat anaemia, unless the intake of fluoride through food and water is simultaneously reduced.

Of India's 35 states and union territories, 19 are "endemic" areas for fluorosis, the main cause being fluoride-laden water derived from deep bore wells.

"The chemical fluoride not only decreases production of red blood cells by the bone marrow but also destroys microvilli - the microscopic protrusions lining the intestine - resulting in poor absorption of nutrients critical for the biosynthesis of haemoglobin," Susheela explained.

In other words, IFA tablets will not help in checking anaemia as long as the fluoride intake is not reduced, she said.

Considering the huge cost involved in purchase and distribution of the IFA tablets, she hoped the proposed scheme to be implemented by the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) does not become another scandal, especially when her foundation has successfully demonstrated a simpler strategy to tackle anaemia in school children as well as in pregnant women.

"Our strategy only requires withdrawal of fluoride consumption and a nutritive diet (with essential and micronutrients) through vegetables, fruits and dairy products," she said.

The foundation, in a letter to NRHM director Auradha Gupta, cautioned that IFA supplementation is an "inappropriate and unscientific manner of addressing anaemia and an absurdly futile exercise."

Research by Susheela and her co-workers published in peer reviewed journals has shown that iron supplementation is neither required nor sustainable.

"Our recipe is simple, practical and sustainable," she said.

Susheela said this simple strategy for combating anaemia has been demonstrated by her team in a two-year (2011-2013) ICMR sponsored study that covered over 2,500 adolescent girls and boys from four schools in Delhi.

At the start of the study, 81 percent of children were anaemic but their haemoglobin level increased dramatically within six months after reducing their fluoride intake and inclusion of essential nutrients in the daily diet.

The impressive result was also obtained in an earlier study conducted during 2005-2009 covering over 3,000 pregnant women in two Delhi government hospitals, the foundation said.

"Our simple programme led to a striking increase in haemoglobin, fewer low birth weight babies, and reduced numbers of pre-term deliveries," it said.

The innovative procedure, according to Susheela, "has proven for the first time that anaemia in pregnancy is mainly due to non-absorption of nutrients due to adverse reactions of fluoride rather than malnutrition and that IFA is not a magic bullet to treat this".

IANS

Source: IANS

 
Update
11

17 hours ago

PM receives Foreign Minister of Bangladesh

Sep 19 2014 9:50am CDT | Source: Business Standard

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi today received Bangladesh Foreign Minister Mr. Abul Hassan Mahmood Ali. The Bangladesh Foreign Minister is in New Delhi for the 3rd meeting of the India Ban ...
Source: Business Standard   Full article at: Business Standard
 

 
Update
10

22 hours ago

BSE to take action against Sebi in NMDC case

Sep 19 2014 5:00am CDT | Source: Business Today

Currently, our team is studying the order and we will take appropriate action, BSE MD Ashish Kumar Chauhan said at the sidelines of an Assocham event in New Delhi ...
Source: Business Today   Full article at: Business Today
 

 
Update
9

22 hours ago

Top rice exporter India importing over 100,000 T on temporary supply squeeze

Sep 19 2014 4:51am CDT | Source: Reuters India

NEW DELHI (Reuters) - India, the world's top rice exporter, is preparing to import the grain for the first time in nearly a quarter of a century to feed its remote and hilly northeastern region where rail fr ...
Source: Reuters India   Full article at: Reuters India
 

 
Update
8

1 day ago

China to invest $20 billion in India

Sep 18 2014 2:00pm CDT | Source: The Nation - Pakistan

NEW DELHI - China is not a warlike nation, President Xi Jinping said on Thursday, during a rare trip to neighbour India that was dominated by a standoff on a barren Himalayan plateau between soldiers from the world’s two most populous nations. Robust comments from India’s new Prime Minister Narendra Modi about the dispute in territory clai ...
Source: The Nation - Pakistan   Full article at: The Nation - Pakistan
 

 
Update
7

1 day ago

Factbox - Key trade, business announcements during China Xi's India visit

Sep 18 2014 10:36am CDT | Source: Reuters India

NEW DELHI (Reuters) - Chinese President Xi Jinping pledged on Thursday to invest $20 billion in India and give its companies greater access to key Chinese markets following talks with Pr ...
Source: Reuters India   Full article at: Reuters India
 

 
Update
5

1 day ago

China joins nations eyeing India's civil nuclear sector

Sep 18 2014 10:35am CDT | Source: Reuters India

NEW DELHI (Reuters) - China became the latest nation to line up for a stake in India's civil nuclear energy drive on Thursday, agreeing to open talks on cooperation in a sector that New Delhi sees as the solution to its chronic po ...
Source: Reuters India   Full article at: Reuters India
 

 
Update
4

1 day ago

Indian, Chinese leaders discuss economic co-operation while troops face off at unmarked border

Sep 18 2014 9:46am CDT | Source: Canadian Business Online

NEW DELHI – Indian and Chinese troops faced off at their countries’ unmarked border in the Himalayas on Thursday as their leaders were promising to boost economic co-operation and substantially increase Chinese investment in India’s infrastructure at a rare meeting. The long-festering border dispute is a stark reminder of the complicated relationship between the Asian giants as they try to increase trade and investment. After their talks, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi s ...
Source: Canadian Business Online   Full article at: Canadian Business Online
 

 
Update
3

1 day ago

Maruti voting to allow Suzuki to own Gujarat plant likely in Nov

Sep 18 2014 9:26am CDT | Source: Business Standard

Maruti voting to allow Suzuki to own Guj plant likely in Nov New Delhi, Sep 18 (PTI) Maruti Suzuki India today said voting by minority shareholders over its move to let parent Suzuki Motor Corp own and invest in Gujarat plant will likely happ ...
Source: Business Standard   Full article at: Business Standard
 

 
Update
2

1 day ago

India calls for G20 swap lines to mitigate U.S. stimulus withdrawal

Sep 18 2014 8:49am CDT | Source: Reuters India

NEW DELHI (Reuters) - India urged the Group of 20 nations on Thursday to consider creating currency swap lines to mitigate the impact on emerging economies of the expected withdrawal of the U.S. Federal Reserve's vast mo ...
Source: Reuters India   Full article at: Reuters India
 

 
Update
1

1 day ago

Monsoon rains ease in past week ahead of retreat

Sep 18 2014 8:27am CDT | Source: Reuters India

NEW DELHI (Reuters) - Monsoon rains were a quarter below average in the week to Sept. 17, the weather office said on Thursday, ahead of a delayed retreat of the rains expected ...
Source: Reuters India   Full article at: Reuters India
 

 

Don't miss ...

 

<a href="/latest_stories/all/all/8" rel="author">Luigi Lugmayr</a>
Luigi is the founding Chief Editor of I4U News and brings over 15 years experience in the technology field to the ever evolving and exciting world of gadgets. He started I4U News back in 2000 and evolved it into vibrant technology magazine.
Luigi can be contacted directly at ml@i4u.com. Luigi posts regularly on LuigiMe.com about his experience running I4U.

 

blog comments powered by Disqus

Latest stories

Malaysian official slams article on MH370 pilot
Kuala Lumpur, Sep 20 (IANS) Malaysian Foreign Affairs Minister Anifah Aman Saturday slammed an article claiming that Malaysia Airlines flight MH370's pilot, Captain Zaharie Ahmad Shah, caused the aircraft to disappear when he committed suicide.
 
 
Monali Thakur ecstatic to win best actress award in Washington
Mumbai, Sep 20 (IANS) She's more known for her singing. But Monali Thakur of "Sawaar loon" fame, who has shown her acting talent with a hard-hitting performance as a child prostitute in Nagesh Kukunoor's "Lakshmi", is presently ecstatic about winning the best actress award at the recently concluded Washington DC South Asian Film Festival.
 
 
Societal stress worsens domestic violence in same-sex couples
New York, Sep 20 (IANS) The additional stress of being a sexual minority has exacerbated domestic violence episodes among same-sex couples compared with opposite-sex couples, new research says.
 
 
New biosensor to diagnose cancer in a jiffy
London, Sep 20 (IANS) An ultra-sensitive biosensor made from the wonder material graphene has been used to detect molecules that indicate an increased risk of developing cancer.
 
 
 

Latest from the Network

Malaysian official slams article on MH370 pilot
Kuala Lumpur, Sep 20 (IANS) Malaysian Foreign Affairs Minister Anifah Aman Saturday slammed an article claiming that Malaysia Airlines flight MH370's pilot, Captain Zaharie Ahmad Shah, caused the aircraft to disappear...
Read more on Ad Balla
 
Asian Games: Indian women's tennis team through to quarters
Incheon, Sep 20 (IANS) The Indian women's tennis team advanced to the quarterfinals by beating Oman 3-0 in the first round of the 17th Asian Games at the Yeorumul Tennis Courts here Saturday. Prarthana Gulabrao...
Read more on Sport Balla
 
Free British hostage, clerics appeal to IS
London, Sep 20 (IANS) Two clerics from Britain have made a direct appeal to the Islamic State (IS) to free British hostage Alan Henning. In a YouTube video, Shakeel Begg, Imam at Lewisham Islamic Centre in south...
Read more on Politics Balla
 
Monali Thakur ecstatic to win best actress award in Washington
Mumbai, Sep 20 (IANS) She's more known for her singing. But Monali Thakur of "Sawaar loon" fame, who has shown her acting talent with a hard-hitting performance as a child prostitute in Nagesh Kukunoor's "Lakshmi", is...
Read more on Celebrity Balla
 
Societal stress worsens domestic violence in same-sex couples
New York, Sep 20 (IANS) The additional stress of being a sexual minority has exacerbated domestic violence episodes among same-sex couples compared with opposite-sex couples, new research says. Same-sex couples may...
Read more on Celebrity Balla
 
New biosensor to diagnose cancer in a jiffy
London, Sep 20 (IANS) An ultra-sensitive biosensor made from the wonder material graphene has been used to detect molecules that indicate an increased risk of developing cancer. The biosensor has been shown to be more...
Read more on Business Balla
 
Asian Games: Indian men's badminton team knocked out
Incheon, Sep 20 (IANS) The Indian men's badminton team lost to South Korea 0-3 in the pre-quarterfinals of the 17th Asian Games at the Gyeyang Gymnasium here Saturday. Doubles pair of B. Sumeeth Reddy-Manu Attri,...
Read more on Sport Balla
 
Asian political parties conference begins in Sri Lanka
Colombo, Sep 20 (IANS) Representatives from 32 Asian countries have gathered here for the 8th General Assembly of International Conference of Asian Political Parties (ICAPP) aimed at looking for new ways to promote...
Read more on Politics Balla
 
Asian Games: Judoka Channa loses in pre-quarters
Incheon, Sep 20 (IANS) India's Navjot Channa lost his pre-quarterfinal men's 60kg judo event in the 17th Asian Games, going down to Boldbaatar Ganbat of Mongolia at the Dowon Gymnasium here Saturday. The Mongolian...
Read more on Sport Balla
 
Court to hear former Italian PM's tax fraud appeal
London, Sep 20 (IANS) The European Court for Human Rights (ECHR) has agreed to hear an appeal by former Italian prime minister Silvio Berlusconi against a tax fraud conviction, media reported Saturday. Berlusconi's...
Read more on Politics Balla