360° Coverage : How meditation helps overcome addictions

1 Updates

How meditation helps overcome addictions

Dec 20 2013, 12:42am CST | by

New York, Dec 20 (IANS) Rehabilitation therapies that use meditation are likely to have a higher success rate when it comes to helping trying to overcome addiction.

New York, Dec 20 — Rehabilitation therapies that use meditation are likely to have a higher success rate when it comes to helping trying to overcome addiction. This is the conclusion of a new survey...

Filed under: news

YouTube Videos

 
 
 

43 weeks ago

How meditation helps overcome addictions

Dec 20 2013, 12:42am CST | by

New York, Dec 20 (IANS) Rehabilitation therapies that use meditation are likely to have a higher success rate when it comes to helping trying to overcome addiction.

New York, Dec 20 — Rehabilitation therapies that use meditation are likely to have a higher success rate when it comes to helping trying to overcome addiction.

This is the conclusion of a new survey of animal and human studies by a computer scientist who used a computational model of addiction, a literature review and an in silico experiment.

The findings of the survey -- by computer scientist Yariv Levyof the University of Massachusetts Amherst, neuroscience researcher Jerrold Meyer, and computer scientist Andrew Barto -- has been published in the latest issue of the journal Frontiers in Psychiatry.

"Our higher-level conclusion is that a treatment based on meditation-like techniques can be helpful as a supplement to help someone get out of addiction. We give scientific and mathematical arguments for this," said Levy, who was a doctoral student when he undertook the survey.

According to Levy, the survey aimed to use learnings from existing animal and human studies to better understand addiction and seek new approaches to treatment.

The researchers explored the allostatic theory, which describes changes in the brain's reward and anti-reward systems and reward set points as substance misuse progresses. They used two existing computational models, one pharmacological and a more behavioural-cognitive model for the study.

The allostatic theory says that when someone takes a drug he or she stresses the reward system and it loses its equilibrium state.

"We smoke one cigarette and go out, come back in again, and out with another cigarette, always trying to return to equilibrium," Levy says.

"The reward system tries to change its structure with neural adaptations to get back to equilibrium. But if I continue to smoke, even with such adaptations, I can't make it back. Equilibrium is broken as long as I continue to smoke."

As the reward system is stressed, the anti-reward system steps in and says, "I'll try to help," and the person enters what is known as an allostatic state. Other brain structures are affected by the addictive substance, impairing the addict's evaluation of drug use compared to other reinforcers, Levy said.

To bind the two theories and test how they could work together in silico, the authors follow three virtual case studies, each representing a different trajectory of allostatic state during escalation of cigarette smoking.

"This investigation provides formal arguments encouraging current rehabilitation therapies to include meditation-like practices along with pharmaceutical drugs and behavioural counseling," the authors wrote.

IANS

Source: IANS

 

Don't miss ...

 

<a href="/latest_stories/all/all/27" rel="author">IANS</a>
The Indo-Asian News Service (IANS) was established in 1986, initially to serve as an information bridge between India and its thriving diaspora in North America. Today it is a full-fledged, 24 by 7 agencies putting out the real-time news from India, South Asia and news of interest to this region around the world.

 

blog comments powered by Disqus

Latest stories

Spanish nurse cured of Ebola
Madrid, Oct 21 (Xinhua) Spanish nursing auxiliary Teresa Romero was pronounced cured of the Ebola virus disease according to World Health Organisation (WHO) guidelines after the results of a second test confirmed Tuesday that she no longer had the virus in her blood.
 
 
Clinical trials of Ebola vaccine start Nov 1 in Switzerland
Geneva, Oct 21 (IANS/EFE) The World Health Organisation (WHO) announced Tuesday that it will begin clinical trials Nov 1 in Switzerland of one of the two anti-Ebola vaccines currently under development.
 
 
Colombia to launch world's first floating gas liquefaction plant
Bogota, Oct 21 (IANS/EFE) The world's first floating gas liquefaction plant is due to begin operating next year off the coast of northern Colombia under a pact between Canada-based Pacific Rubiales Energy and Belgian shipbuilder Exmar.
 
 
Paralysed man walks again after pioneering cell therapy
London, Oct 21 (IANS/EFE) A paralysed man has been able to walk again after therapy that involved transplanting cells from his nasal cavity into his spinal cord, the BBC reported Tuesday.
 
 
 

Latest from the Network

Keira Knightley was 'a goody two-shoes'
Keira Knightley was ''a goody two-shoes'' when she was younger. The 29-year-old actress claims she was a ''boring'' well-behaved child and never skipped school because she didn't want to upset her parents or teachers....
Read more on Celebrity Balla
 
Kat Dennings is in love with Kim Kardashian
Kat Dennings thinks Kim Kardashian's butt is ''amazing.'' The '2 Broke Girls' actress was ''very nervous'' when the 'Keeping Up with the Kardashians' star filmed a cameo for the show's 80th episode and was too shy to...
Read more on Celebrity Balla
 
Taylor Swift doesn't 'need some guy' for inspiration
Taylor Swift is ''figuring out how to cope'' with life on her own. The 'Shake It Off' hitmaker hopes her upcoming album, '1989,' will prove she doesn't ''need some guy'' to help her ''make a great record'' or to feel...
Read more on Celebrity Balla
 
Sarah Hyland is 'great'
Sarah Hyland says she is ''great'' after obtaining a restraining order against her ex-boyfriend. The 'Modern Family' star is happy to be focusing on her career again after a judge recently granted her a three-year...
Read more on Celebrity Balla
 
India re-elected to UNHRC for two years
United Nations, Oct 21 (IANS) India was Tuesday re-elected to the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) for the term 2015-2017 in a keenly contested election in the UN General Assembly in New York. Other...
Read more on Politics Balla
 
Spanish nurse cured of Ebola
Madrid, Oct 21 (Xinhua) Spanish nursing auxiliary Teresa Romero was pronounced cured of the Ebola virus disease according to World Health Organisation (WHO) guidelines after the results of a second test confirmed...
Read more on Business Balla
 
Gurdwara closed in Belgium
Brussels, Oct 21 (IANS) The mayor of the town of Vilvoorde in Belgium, Hans Bonte, has ordered the closure of the local gurdwara, Guru Nanak Sahib, for one month. Belgian media Tuesday charged that the Sikh temple "...
Read more on Politics Balla
 
Air strikes kill 28 militants in Pakistan
Islamabad, Oct 21 (IANS) At least 28 militants were killed when the Pakistani army launched an air strike in the country's northwest tribal town of Datta Khel Tuesday, military said. In a statement, Inter Services...
Read more on Politics Balla
 
Report reveals large-scale torture in China's 'Black Jails'
Beijing, Oct 21 (IANS/EFE) The use of hotels and factories as clandestine prisons where thousands of people -- mostly women -- are tortured to prevent their complaints against the government from coming to light has...
Read more on Politics Balla
 
Clinical trials of Ebola vaccine start Nov 1 in Switzerland
Geneva, Oct 21 (IANS/EFE) The World Health Organisation (WHO) announced Tuesday that it will begin clinical trials Nov 1 in Switzerland of one of the two anti-Ebola vaccines currently under development. WHO Assistant...
Read more on Business Balla