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What Is The 'Yoga Mat' Chemical - And Why Is In Your Food?
Photo Credit: Forbes Business

What Is The 'Yoga Mat' Chemical - And Why Is In Your Food?

Feb 27 2014, 8:51pm CST | by

The “yoga mat” chemical officially known azodicarbonamide hit the headlines last week when Subway announced they were dropping the ingredient from their sandwiches. But chances are, you’re still...

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21 weeks ago

What Is The 'Yoga Mat' Chemical - And Why Is In Your Food?

Feb 27 2014, 8:51pm CST | by

The “yoga mat” chemical officially known azodicarbonamide hit the headlines last week when Subway announced they were dropping the ingredient from their sandwiches. But chances are, you’re still eating it – the chemical is in close to 500 foods still on the market – and in your kitchen – according to a report issued today by the Environmental Working Group.

Bread, bagels, pastries, pizza, tortillas, hamburger and hot dog buns often contain azodicarbonamide, which is used to bleach flour, and to make dough more elastic.

Why is azodicarbonamide (ADA) called the “yoga mat” chemical? Because its primary use is in plastic and rubber products like yoga mats and flip flops, where it’s used to make them softer and more stretchy. According to the scientists at the EWG, azodicarbonamide functions “like champagne for plastics,” aerating plastic with tiny bubbles to make it lighter, spongier, and more flexible.

The concern: Azodicarbonamide is known to increase the risk of asthma, allergies and skin problems – and some experts believe it hasn’t been adequately tested in humans at the concentrations people may ingest if they eat numerous products that contain it.

In its report , provocatively titled “500 Ways to Make a Yoga Mat Sandwich,” the Environmental Working Group lists more than 130 companies, from Betty Crocker to Pillsbury to Little Debbie, which use azodicarbonamide in their products. But the big “conventional” bakers aren’t the only ones on the list; more “health”-oriented brands like Earth Grains, Nature’s Own, Artisan’s Choice, and even Manischewitz use it also. (Including, experts warn, in products labeled “natural” and “whole grain”.

In the U.S., the FDA has approved azodicarbonamide for use in food, and it’s allowed in Canada too. But  Australia and many European countries have banned its use in food. The Environmental Working Group, based in Washington, is so incensed about azodicarbonamide that they’re circulating an online petition to get the chemical banned in the U.S.

According to the Environmental Working Group’s report, ADA has gotten a pass this far because it’s not considered toxic by the FDA, as long as it’s used in concentrations below 45 parts per million. However, the World Health Organization prepared a chemical assessment report that expressed concern about the effects on bakery and other food workers who handle large volumes, and who have reported respiratory symptoms and skin reactions. However,  there hasn’t been extensive testing to investigate ADA’s health effects.

While Subway got singled out thanks to a viral petition circulated by Food Babe blogger Vani Hari, many other restaurant and fast food chains use azodicarbonamide, including:

  • Starbuck’s
  • Marie Callendar’s
  • McDonald’s
  • Burger King
  • Wendy’s
  • Arby’s
  • Dunkin Donuts

The controversy stirred up by Hari led Senator Chuck Schumer of New York to call on the FDA to completely ban ADA.

So how dangerous is this latest “red flag” food additive? Honestly, not so bad, at least when compared to some of the other chemicals, like BPA, that have raised a hue and cry in the past few years. Certainly ADA is not as big a worry as antibacterial soaps , which so many people use every day, and which contain a chemical with the potential to disrupt our hormones and genes.

Interestingly, ADA was actually brought in as a substitute for a much worse chemical, potassium bromate, which was phased out after California’s proposition 65 called it into question as “possibly dangerous to human health”.

But do you want a rubberizer in your food, especially foods many of us eat several times a day? No, not really, especially since its longterm effects really aren’t known yet. We really don’t need chemical additives to keep our bread soft and stretchy, what we need is to eat fresh bread.

The best perspective I’ve seen comes from “nutrition sleuth” Johannah Sakimura of EverydayHealth , who believes that the concern over ADA has been sensationalized, yet explains that there are a number of other natural ingredients that can perform the same softening function with fewer risks.

The advice, as always: Read labels carefully, choose the least processed products with the fewest number of additives, and stick to home-made whole foods whenever possible. Comments or suggestions on dealing with ADA always welcome!

For more health news, follow me here on Forbes.com , on Twitter, @MelanieHaiken,  and subscribe to my posts on Facebook .

Source: Forbes Business

 
Update
10

7 weeks ago

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Jun 9 2014 7:54am CDT | Source: Business Times Malaysia

KUALA LUMPUR: About RM47 million of contributions in the Teachers Provident Fund (KWSG) still remain unclaimed, the Dewan Raky ...
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Update
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7 weeks ago

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Jun 8 2014 1:11am CDT | Source: Business Times Malaysia

PUTRAJAYA: The Domestic Trade, Cooperatives, and Consumerism ministry has seized some 9.1 million litres of diesel and property worth RM58 million since mounting ‘Operasi Diesel Selatan’ in the southern states last month. ...
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Update
5

7 weeks ago

Girl, 9, awarded RM2.78m compensation for medical negligence

Jun 6 2014 4:56am CDT | Source: Business Times Malaysia

KUALA LUMPUR: A nine-year-old girl who suffered brain damage during her birth at a government hospital was awarded over RM2.78 million in compensat ...
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Update
4

7 weeks ago

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Jun 5 2014 11:52pm CDT | Source: Business Times Malaysia

KUALA LUMPUR: Malaysia's total trade in April 2014 rose by 12 per cent from a year ago to RM123.86 billion due to growing trading activities, International Trade and Industry Minister Datuk Seri Mustapa ...
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Update
3

7 weeks ago

Works Ministry to spend RM20m for upgrading works at 50 accident black spots

Jun 4 2014 11:35pm CDT | Source: Business Times Malaysia

JOHOR BARU: The Works Ministry will implement upgrading works at 50 accident prone locations in the country that have been identified this year involving an ...
Source: Business Times Malaysia   Full article at: Business Times Malaysia
 

 
Update
2

7 weeks ago

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Jun 4 2014 10:24pm CDT | Source: Business Times Malaysia

PUTRAJAYA: Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak today launches RM45 million Ramadan Bazaa ...
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Update
1

7 weeks ago

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Jun 4 2014 4:49am CDT | Source: Business Times Malaysia

PETALING JAYA: A group of 20 Petaling Jaya residents held a meeting with the Human Rights Commission of Malaysia (Suhakam) over their objection against the proposed RM2.2 bill ...
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