May 6 2014, 12:13pm CDT | by Forbes
If you follow the issue of women directors working in Hollywood you will know that that this is a very complicated issue. Getting more women directors working at the highest level of the business is something that seems to be one of the most intractable issues in the business, and one that the powers in Hollywood refuse to address with any proactive solutions. But that hasn’t stopped many of us from raising the question as often as possible. In fact, whereas a few years ago there were very limited conversations on the topic, now, it seems that the drumbeat has gotten quite loud.
Recently, there have been several pieces written, some focused on the upcoming Cannes Film Festival, another on women directors mentoring each other. NY Times film critic Manohla Dargis has made this one of her issues and she addressed it again this past weekend in her Memo to Hollywood asking the Hollywood moguls why they refuse to hire women to direct big budget films. She wrote: “So … what’s up with not hiring women to direct movies? Is there something about double-X chromosomes that makes you squeamish? Are women biologically incapable of directing movies, especially the franchises that prop up the big studios year after year?”
Think about it. When was the last time you went to see a movie directed by a woman? If you live in NY and LA and a couple of other big cities hopefully, you have made the effort to see a woman directed film. But if you live in a place where there are no indie theatres you probably haven’t seen a movie directed by a woman this year, and probably not even last year since women directed only 6% of the top 250 grossing films in 2013. It’s not your fault. The problem is that women are not directing the films that show up in the multiplexes, and since 80% of all films are seen in the multiplex, chances are you not seeing women because they aren’t there.
In general, the film festival circuit and indie world is a pipeline to Hollywood gigs. At least it’s that way for men. Success on a small indie film is a clear stepping stone for male directors to the big time and big dollars. Women struggle to get tapped for the big films, but are clearly more visible in the indie world where budgets are much smaller. A new study released today by Martha Lauzen of San Diego State takes a look at how female filmmakers fare at the major film festivals across the country and it shows that women directors and other women working behind the scenes fare much better in the independent world than they do in Hollywood. Overall, women make up 26% of the directors, writers, producers, executive producers, editors, and cinematographers working on indie films in 2013-14. This is the same amount as 2011-12 and up 2 points from 2008-09. By comparison, women make up only 16% of those working behind the scenes on the top 250 grossing films in Hollywood.
The numbers, while better are still not good enough, and some of the numbers — especially the number of women directors has actually gone backwards. Breaking it down further, women are 28% of directors on documentaries and 18% of the directors working on features. These numbers are a huge improvement on the 6% of women directors on the top 250 grossing films. But the number of directors overall has decreased since the last study. The overall number of directors – 23% is down 6 percentage points from 2011-12. This decrease should give everyone pause.
Overall numbers (both doc and narrative ) are:
Significantly, the numbers in the documentary industry decreased since the last survey. The number of directors has gone down from 39% in 2011-12 to 28%. (It is back to the same number as 2008) The number of writers has also decreased from 32% to 23%. Those are both such large decreases that they are troubling. The number of executive producers has stayed the same and the number of producers has increased back to the same as 2008-09. The number of editors has decreased from 27% to 20%, and cinematographers has also gone down to 12% from 16%.
In the narrative area, the number of women directors and writers have both stayed the same. Directors are at 18% and writers are at 21%. Executive producers increased to 26% from 22% and producers ticked up one percentage point to 30%. Trending downward are women editors and cinematographers. Editors are down to 19% from 23% and cinematographers lost 3 percentage points going from 9% to 6%.
And for the first time the study also tracked composers and they make up 10% in the study which is gigantic compared to only 2% of women working on the top grossing films.
The study clearly shows that there are more opportunities for women filmmakers to work throughout the independent film sector. But these numbers are not good enough and the backsliding on the directing numbers is clearly troublesome. We need to continue to build the pipeline of women filmmakers — directors and all other positions — so that women can get the opportunities for their films to be seen at all levels of the business.
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